The central idea of withdrawing makes abstract in common speech a
euphemism for appropriate (unlawfully), purloin, steal.
In mental processes (in which abstract is most often used) we
discriminate between objects by distinguishing their differences.
We separate some one element from all that does not necessarily belong to it,
abstract it, and view it alone. We may separate two ideas, and hold both in mind in
comparison or contrast.
When we abstract one of them, we drop the other out of thought.
The mind is abstracted when it is withdrawn from all other
subjects and concentrated upon one, diverted when it is drawn away from what it would or should attend
to by some other interest, distracted when the attention is divided among different subjects, so that
it can not be given properly to any.
The trouble with the distracted person is that he is not
Antonyms for Abstract
add, complete, fill up, restore, unite, combine, conjoin,
The purse may be abstracted from the pocket; the substance
from the accidents; a book into a compend.
As regards mental action, absorbed, abstracted, and
preoccupied refer to the cause, absent or absent-minded to the
The man absorbed in one thing will appear absent in others. A
preoccupied person may seem listless and thoughtless, but the really
listless and thoughtless have not mental energy to be preoccupied.
The absent-minded man is oblivious of ordinary matters, because
his thoughts are elsewhere. One who is preoccupied is intensely busy in thought; one may be
absent-minded either through intense concentration or simply through inattention, with fitful and
aimless wandering of thought.
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